405-778-4800
Criminal Attorney Oklahoma Defense Lawyer Adam R. Banner OKLAHOMA CRIMINAL DEFENSE ATTORNEY AT LAW

Understanding Federal Probation

07-Mar-2014

In an Oklahoma criminal case, certain defendants may receive probation in lieu of part or all of a jail or prison term. Probation may be given as part of a deferred sentence or suspended sentence, or it may be part of the conditional release in a parole. If a defendant is on probation, he or she must comply with specified requirements and terms of release; failure to do so can result in the acceleration of a deferred judgment or the revocation of a suspended sentence. In either case, probation violation can result in incarceration.

Federal cases also may allow probation, which is supervised by the United States Probation Office. In Oklahoma City and surrounding areas, this is accomplished through the United States Probation Office for the Western District of Oklahoma.

According to the local U.S. Probation Office website, the first proposed federal probation law, which ultimately failed, was introduced before Congress in 1909 by a U.S. Senator from Oklahoma. In the subsequent 16 years, 34 federal probation bills were proposed before the Federal Probation Act was passed in 1925.

United States Probation and Pretrial Services indicates a number of benefits of supervision over incarceration for both the defendant and the general public:

  • Supervision provides a means of enforcing court orders.
  • It protects the public by decreasing risk of re-offense.
  • It can provide substance abuse treatment, mental health treatment, and vocational or educational training which may allow an offender to make a clean start and be a productive member of the community.
  • As an alternative to incarceration, it allows families to remain intact and it allows offenders to maintain employment, reducing the tax burden associated with providing for a prisoner.

While the terms of probation may vary depending on the specific nature of the offense, there is a prescribed set of Standard Conditions of Probation and Supervised Release. This includes the following conditions:

  • Remain in the judicial district unless being given permission to leave from the court or probation officer. 
  • Report to the probation officer within the first five days of each month and give a truthful written account. 
  • Truthfully answer all probation officer questions and follow all of his or her instructions.
  • Adequately support family members and dependents and comply with all child support orders. 
  • Maintain legal gainful employment unless excused by the probation officer for education, training, or other legitimate purpose. 
  • Notify the probation officer at least ten days before moving or changing jobs. 
  • Avoid excessive alcohol use and avoid all illegal drugs. 
  • Avoid places where illegal drugs are used, manufactured, and/or distributed. 
  • Do not associate with convicted felons or people engaged in criminal activity. 
  • Submit to random visits by the probation officer an allow the confiscation of any visible contraband. 
  • Notify the probation officer within seventy-two hours of arrest, questioning, or any other contact with law enforcement.
  • Do not agree to act as an informant or other special agent of a law enforcement agency without the court's permission. 
  • At the direction of the probation officer, notify third parties of your criminal record and associated risks, or allow the officer to make such notification.

Other terms of probation may include financial restitution, drug and alcohol treatment, GPS monitoring, mental health treatment, and more.

Anyone on probation for a state or federal offense must be sure that he or she fully understands what is expected under the conditions of supervision or release. Probation violation can have serious consequences.

Learn more about federal crimes and the federal criminal justice system on our website.



All News

More News

Putnam City West Teens Accused in Locker Room Assault

07-Oct-2018

Recent cases have revealed that locker room antics once perceived ..

Former State Senator Sentenced to 15 Years for Child Sex Trafficking

22-Sep-2018

A federal judge sentenced former Oklahoma senator Ralph Shortey to..

Oklahoma Cities Adjust Ordinances after Medical Marijuana Legalization

30-Aug-2018

After the passing of State Question 788, the law allowing medical ..

Oklahoma Dept. of Corrections Denies Death Penalty Protocol "Deadline"

13-Aug-2018

Oklahoma, the state that invented lethal injection, continues to b..

Lincoln County Abuse Case Has Some Calling for Home School Reform

28-Jul-2018

The case of a 15-year-old boy rescued from a family farm near Meek..

Oklahoma Health Department Seeks Legal Advice after Amending Medical Marijuana Rules

17-Jul-2018

When Oklahomans passed State Question 788 last month, they left th..

No Special Session Necessary after Passage of Medical Marijuana in SQ 788

30-Jun-2018

Just a week and a half after announcing that a special session of ..

New Oklahoma Liquor Laws to Take Effect in October

14-Jun-2018

It's summertime in Oklahoma. The temperatures are soaring and peop..

Charges Dismissed After Linebacker's Ex-Girlfriend Admits to Lying About Abuse

23-May-2018

San Francisco 49ers linebacker Reuben Foster will be able to rejoi..

Oklahoma Man Convicted of Cyberstalking in Federal Court

02-May-2018

A 46-year old Crescent man was convicted in federal court last wee..

×